This study was aimed to verify whether the purposes, requirements and practices that promote the sustainability initiatives of Fair Trade, Organic, Rainforest Alliance and UTZ Kapeh and the codes of conduct of Starbuck’s C.A.F.E Practices, 4C, Nespresso AAA; as well as the the ADAM initiative; have had the expected effects on the economic, social and environmental conditions of the Colombian producers who participate in them. This analysis is based on the COSA (Committee on Sustainability Assessment) methodology, aimed at the measurement of costs and benefits (economic, social and environmental) of the implementation of sustainable agricultural practices in different countries and agricultural crops while applying an international methodology that allows comparing results with other countries. The methodological design was quasi experimental with panel data obtained from a random sample of 2,474 coffee farmers, representing four departments (Caldas, Huila, Nariño, Santander) and two producer sizes (<3 and> 3 hectares). The ultimate objective was to rigorously assess whether the strategy that Colombia bet on is paying off, what are the main benefits and what are the main costs.
The study analyzes the impact of the implementation of the Nespresso AAA Sustainable QualityTM code of conduct on the living conditions of coffee growers in four departments of Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, Cauca, Nariño, Huila) in the 2009-2011 period. The international COSA methodology and multivariate analysis techniques were used to construct social, economic and environmental sustainability indexes. The information was obtained from a sample of 1,785 producers to which this sustainability monitoring index was applied to measure the performance of farms AAA versus that of the control sample.
This study was based on a set of indicators selected from the COSA Methodology, with the means to compare changes in the socioeconomic and environmental performance of the producers participating in the UTZ Certified Program compared to those with conventional coffee. It focused on the analysis of the social, environmental and economic performance of producers during the years 2008, 2009 and 2011, measured through a set of indicators that were constructed with information from three longitudinal surveys to a sample of 857 producers.
The project consisted of the operation of the “Agricultural, Aquaculture and Forest Supply Information System” of the Colombian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADR, for its abbreviation in Spanish). This project was aimed at the generation of statistical information on area, production, yield and other variables of interest to the agricultural sector at national, departmental and municipal level, for the year of 2013. The project included the construction of the Municipal Agricultural Assessments for 2013 and the forecasts for 2014, as well as specific investigations for the registration of the productions of cotton, sugarcane, milk, commercial forest plantations and the lifting of the national fish survey. The methodology for the operation of the system included sampling techniques, product census, regional consensus, administrative records and exercises to strengthen the municipal GIS.
This study was based on quantitative, qualitative and econometric evidence to estimate the supply and demand of labor in Colombian coffee production and to perform a characterization that would explain the relative scarcity or abundance. The main tool of the study was the construction of a Relative Scarcity Index which diagnoses the extent to which supply is able to satisfy demand. The information came from a direct survey of 1,722 households of producers to 1,448 coffee collectors and 370 interviews with different institutional agents.